Athens is established as the capital of Greece and the modern metropolis takes shape. Drawing inspiration from ancient Greece, architects introduce neoclassical elements. Impressive public buildings dominate a landscape of low-rise, stand-alone residences with gardens.
Ofthalmiatrio (Eye Clinic)
The building’s shape, narrow vaulted windows, and distinctive brickwork recall a Byzantine church. But it was designed as an eye clinic. As funds kept running out, construction spanned two decades and three architects. Eventually completed in 1869, this sedate clinic at 26 Panepistimiou Avenue offers a stark contrast to the flamboyance of the Athens Academy on the opposite corner of Panepistimiou and Sina streets.
A rare example of 1830s residential architecture amid the souvenir shops and cafes of the city’s oldest quarter, Plaka. Clean simple lines with few adornments characterise this beautifully-restored dwelling.
Doric columns and a triangular pediment dwarf this school building, completed in 1876 by noted architect Panayotis Kalkos. He also designed the first Acropolis Museum, a small stone building close to the Parthenon. This building is still used as a primary school, although it sits rather incongruously among the souvenir shops in the heart of Plaka.