Located on a flat-topped rock that rises 150m above sea level in the city of Athens and with a surface area of about 3 hectares, this UNESCO World Heritage Site contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon.
Bernard Tschumi's design revolves around three concepts: light, movement, and a tectonic and programmatic element. Together these characteristics "turn the constraints of the site into an architectural opportunity, offering a simple and precise museum" with the mathematical and conceptual clarity of ancient Greek buildings.
Nearly 4,000 objects found on the rock of the Acropolis are exhibited over an area of 14,000 square meters. As the museum is built over the extensive archaeological site of Makrygianni, the floor, outside and inside, is often transparent using glass and thus the visitor can see the excavations and the ruins below.
The Kallimarmaro has hosted the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 and was reconstructed from the remains of an ancient Greek stadium. It is the only stadium in the world built entirely of marble (from Mount Penteli). Its track and layout follow the ancient hairpin and it can seat 45,000 spectators.
The Acropolis Restoration Project began in 1975 and is now nearing completion. A total of 2,675 tons of architectural members were restored, with 686 stones reassembled from fragments of the originals, 905 patched with new marble and 186 parts made entirely of new marble.