HISTORY

ATHENS, THE EYE OF GREECE, MOTHER OF ARTS AND ELOQUENCE" JOHN MILTON

In the early history, in "polis Athens" there were mountains and valleys with wealthy farms and splendid fields. Valuable sources of silver and marble and superior strength in the sea made this city attractive and quite wealthy. During the golden ages, Athens blossomed as a center of education, arts, culture and democracy.

In the early history, in "polis Athens" there were mountains and valleys with wealthy farms and splendid fields. Valuable sources of silver and marble and superior strength in the sea made this city attractive and quite wealthy. During the golden ages, Athens blossomed as a center of education, arts, culture and democracy.

The following Roman occupation of the city resulted in a steady decline. Hadrian has been the only Roman Emperor to show genuine love and admiration for Athens' heritage.

11th and 12th centuries were the golden ages in Byzantine art, with the most important Byzantine churches in Athens built around those 2 centuries. The city didn't manage to recover until Ottomans took over. It was until the 19th century that the Independence Day became a fact!

B.C.
35th
The oldest human traces around
776
First Olympic Games, first begun by Hercules and Pelops
700
Homer writes the epic poems of Odyssey and Illiad
622
The strict laws of "Draco" - As Aristotle's put it there is nothing peculiar in his laws that is worthy of mention, except their severity in imposing heavy punishment (Politics2.1274b).
508
The Birth of Democracy by Cleisthenes
467
The play "Seven against Thebes" by Aeschylus is performed for the first time
460 - 446
1st Peloponnesian War
447 - 432
Construction of Parthenon
441
Pericles leads the Golden Age
431 - 404
2nd Peloponnesian War
431
The play "Medea" by Euripides produced for the first time
431 - 404
Thucydides writes "History of the Peloponnesian War", one of the most excellent scholars of history
409
The play "Philoctetes" by Sophocles, is born
385
Plato founded his Academy
A.D.
124
Hadrian completed the temple of Olympian Zeus
161
Herod Atticus builds the theatre in honor of his Roman wife.
1458
The Ottomans captured the city
1834
Athens became the capital of the newly liberated Greek state
1896
Athens hosted the first modern Olympic Games
1945
The Battle of Athens
1967
Greek Military Junda
1974
Athens Polytechnic uprising
2004
Athens Olympic Games

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